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  Historical Background District Moga

Introduction

Moga District is the 17th District drawn on the map of Punjab State on 24th day of November 1995. Before this, Moga was the sub-division of Faridkot District. Moga town the head quarter of the District is situated on Ferozpur-Ludhiana road. Area of Dharamkot block with 150 villages has been emerged in Moga district vide. Pb. Govt. notification No. 2/36/98-R.E. 2(1) 6408 dated 5-11-99.

Moga District falls under the jurisdiction of Ferozpur division. Its boundaries touch the boundaries of Jalandhar district in north, Ludhiana district in East, Sangrur in South and Faridkot & Ferozpur in West. It stretches between longitude 75 degree - 15, 75 degree - 25 east and latitude 30 degree - 35 and 31 degree 15 North. It spreads over an area on 2230 km which comes to 4.42 % of the Punjab State. The average annual rainfall of district was 234.5 mm by the year 1999.

By the provisional figures of 2001 census the Moga District ranks 11th with in Punjab with a population of about 886313, which is 3.65 percent of the total population of Punjab State. There are 887 females per thousand male in Moga district by census 2001, which is one less than found in 1991 census, that was 884. Although rate of population growth is low but the density of population has increased, which is 400 per sq. km. as compared to 351 by 1991 census.

In Moga District 63.94 percent population is literate , where as the rate for male & female literacy is 68.40 & 58.96 respectively

Moga is a city in the Indian state of Punjab .

It became part and headquarters of 17th District in the state, Moga district of Punjab state on 24th day of November 1995, by then Chief Minister Harcharan Singh Brar . Before this, Moga was a part of Faridkot District as a tehsil . Moga town is situated on the National Highway 95 (NH-95 Ferozpur - Ludhiana road). The area of Dharamkot block with 150 villages has been merged into Moga district, which falls under the jurisdiction of Ferozpur division.

Contents

  • 1 Foundation
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Religion and Culture
  • 5 Gurudwaras in Moga
  • 6 Education
  • 7 Industry
  • 8 Places to visit
  • 9 External links
  • 10 References

Foundation

Moga was founded by Moga Singh Gill a forefather of the Gill community. Then this city went to the hands of his two sons Moga Ajit Singh Gill and Moga Mahala Singh Gill.

Geography

Moga is located at

30°48'N 75°10'E 30.8°N 75.17°E . [1] It has an average elevation of 217 metres (711 ft). Moga district is bordered by Jalandhar district in the north, Ludhiana district in the East, Sangrur in the South and Faridkot and Ferozpur in the West. It stretches between longitude 75 degree - 15, 75 degree - 25 east and latitude 30 degree - 35 and 31 degree 15 North. It spreads over an area on 2230 km 2 , which comes to 4.42% of the Punjab State. The average annual rainfall of district was 234.5 mm by the year 1999.

It is located 368 km from New Delhi ,184 km from Chandigarh ,67 km from Ludhiana ,110 km from Amritsar ,85 km from Bathinda and 1600 km from Mumbai .

Demographics

As per provisional data of 2011 census Moga urban agglomeration had a population of 159,897, out of which males were 84,808 and females were 75,089. The literacy rate was 81.42 per cent. [2]

As of 2001 India census , [3] the town of Moga had a population of 124,624. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Moga has an average literacy rate of 68%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 71%, and female literacy is 66%. In Moga, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

By the provisional figure of same 2001 census the Moga District ranks 11th within Punjab with a population of about 886313, which is 3.65 percent of the total population of Punjab State. There are 883 females per thousand male in Moga district by census 2001, which is one less than found in 1991 census, that was 884. Although rate of population growth is low but the density of population has increased, which is 400 per km 2 . as compared to 351 by 1991 census. In Moga District 63.94 percent population is literate, whereas the rate for male & female literacy is 68.40 & 58.96 percent respectively. [4]

Religion and Culture

Sikhism is the predominant religion in the district. The district has the highest percentage of Sikh population among all the districts of punjab. According to 2001 census sikhs form around 87.5% of the total population in moga with Hindus, dev smajis, nanakpanthis, dera sacha Saudis and ravidasis forming the remainder. The 2009 estimates shows Sikh population around 90% due to migration of the urban Hindu population to major cities in Punjab.

People of Moga, belong to Malwa Culture

Gurudwaras in Moga

  • Gurudwara Singh Sabha Main Bazaar Moga
  • Gurudwara Bibi Kahn Kaur Near Railway phatak
  • Gurudwara Tank Kashtri 9 New Town
  • Gurudwara Sant Gulab Singh Ji Gholia Wale
  • Gurudwara Kalgidhar Datt Road
  • Gurudwara Namdev Bhawan Akalsar Road
  • Gurudwara Baba Maal Singh Jamiat Singh Road
Gurudwara Guru Sar Bukan Wala Road

Education

  • Engineering, Pharmacy, Nursing Colleges
  • Shukdeva Krishna College of Education For Women
  • Desh Bhagat Institute of Engineering and Management (DBIEM)
  • Baba Isher Singh Institute of Sciences & Technology Gagra (Moga)
  • Lala Lajpat Rai Institute of Engineering and Technology
  • North West Institute of Engineering and Technology
  • ISF College of Pharmacy
  • Baba Mangal Singh Nursing Training Institute
  • Dr. Gomti Parshad Thapar Hospital
  • Dr Shyam Lal Thapar College of Nursing
  • Indo-American School of Nursing
  • Lala Lajpat Rai School of Nursing
  • Shiraz School of Nursing
  • Lala Lajpat Rai Institute of Management and Technology
  • Sri Satya Sai Murlidhar Ayurvedic College
  • D M College - Dayanand Mathradas College
  • SD College for Women
  • Khalsa college for Women
  • Guru Nanak College
  • YRS Polytechnic College
  • Gyan Sagar Polytechnic College BaghaPurana
  • Government Industrial Training Institute, Moga

Prominent convent schools are

  • R.K.S Sen Sec Public School,Moga
  • Gita Bhawan Public School
  • Cambridge International School
  • Blooming Buds Sen. Sec. School
  • D N Model Senior Secondary School
  • Sacred Heart School
  • Summer Field High School
  • Oxford High School
  • Navyug Shishu Mandir High School
  • Blue Bells Kitchlu Public School , Moga
  • National Convent School, Moga
  • M.D.A.S.Sr. Sec. School
  • St. Joseph Convent School Ghal Kalan
  • Dev samaj public high school
  • Khalsa Boys Sr. Sec. School
  • Khalsa Girls High School
  • Govt. Girls Sr. Sec. School

Industry

Nestle Moga, dairy plant established in 1961, located on the west border of the town of Moga, is one if the most prestigious and hi-tech milk plant in the country. The plant procures dairy milk from the local farmers and also provides executive, technical and blue collar jobs to the local population.

The main occupation of the region is Agriculture . Other main industries include cold stores and trucking. Truck Body Building is a major small scale industry is located in Moga City. It is one of the largest Bus and Truck Body Building Market/Industry in Punjab. Moga city is also known for its custom Jeep trimming industry. More industry is located on the east side of the town in Focal Point.

Moga city is also famous for the biggest Tractor Bazar and also for the second hand Car and Jeep Market.

Places to visit

Takhtupura: Guru Nanak Dev ji, Guru Hargobind ji and Guru Gobind Singh ji visited this place. There are three Gurdwaras adjoining to one another. Every year a maghi mela is conducted here for three days. Big conferences are hold by the major political parties of Punjab a day next to the maghi mela at Shri Muktsar Sahib. There is a temple of Bharthri Rishi very next to these Gurdwaras. Takhtupura is about 3 km. from Bilaspur on Moga - Barnala road.

Janer: This is an ancient village back to Indus Valley Civilisation, from the ruins of this village an Idol of Lord Krishna was found, which is now placed in the temple in the village. This village is situated on the Moga - Amritsar road.

Daroli Bhai: This village is the birthplace of Baba Gurditta Ji. Guru Hargobind ji stayed at this village. Clothes and other articles related to Guru Hargobind ji are still placed in a Gurdwara in this village. This village is about 2 km on the left side from Moga - Firozepur road.

 
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